In the federal courts and in a few states, the judge does not have discretion to fix sentences. Rather, sentences are determined according to administrative guidelines based upon previous criminal record and the seriousness of the current offense.
Theories of market and government failure emphasize that public policies may often have unintended consequences.
Public housing in the United States is in the midst of unprecedented change.
On May 2, 1995 the University of Illinois at Chicago's Great Cities Initiative, in collaboration with Bethany Hospital in Chicago, a member of the Advocate group of hospitals, brought together local policy makers, researchers, health care providers and consumers in an all-day working conference on the effective and efficient management of sickle cell disease (SCD), asthma and tuberculosis (TB).
This paper describes the Illinois Voter Project (IVP) conducted by the Illinois League of Women Voters and the University of Illinois at Chicago during the 1994 Illinois gubernatorial election.
Urban policy creation and evaluation derive from an often unstated but far-reaching paradigm or framework that privileges a particular model of market processes.
A model is posited in which guns are demanded for recreation, self-protection or criminal purposes, and in which crime is supplied.