The “excess of fact” describes the complexity and crowded nature of un-staged photography, where many factors aside from the single subject interact to create meaning. This essay examines the ways in which three modes of “excess of fact” in urban life—echoes, encounters and exchange—create an urban aesthetics. Taking back the right to the city and dialogic occasions are explored in this discussion of the construction of meaningful urban existence.
Race and ethnicity have a complex history in the New World, in the confrontation of Europeans, and Africans, with Indians. After the Spanish conquest of Mexico, a hierarchical society based on caste, or “race,” was established, with Spaniards at the top, followed by castas (mixed bloods of various types), then Indians, and then Africans.